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 YEAR 1 Past and Present Family Life - Peninsula Farm (Tranby)


Tranby Class


Peninsula Farm (Tranby) is the site of one of the first farms in the Swan River Colony and the earliest residence still standing in the metropolitan area. It offers a unique opportunity to explore the first years of European settlement in Western Australia. Constructed by Joseph Hardey in 1839, it was the third house he had built on the Peninsula, a property originally granted to him in 1830. Over the years the house was added to and expanded outwards and upwards. At the same time, the farm became smaller and smaller. Peninsula Farm remained in the Hardey family until 1913. Joseph Hardey, and his son Richard, who took over management of the property in the late 1860s, were highly influential in the religious, business and political activities of the colony. Peninsula Farm, however, tells more than just these stories. It also tells of their wives and daughters, the women and others who ran the house and the workers who ran the farm. It tells of farming, and how families and the young colony sustained themselves on a daily basis. Peninsula Farm (Tranby) today consists of only the homestead and surrounding garden.


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The Year 1 curriculum provides a study of present and past family life within the context of the students’ own world. Students learn about similarities and differences in family life by comparing the present with the past. They begin to explore the links and the changes that occur over time.


This National Trust of Australia (WA) program is associated with the Year 1 Australian Curriculum: History. The central component of the program is an excursion to historic Peninsula Farm (Tranby). The program provides suggestions of pre-visit and post-visit activities that integrate the teaching of historical knowledge, understandings and skills. It should be adapted to suit your needs. Use as little or as much of the program as you wish; incorporate your own activities and teaching methodologies; or choose to focus on one or several key inquiry questions. You may also cover the Cross-curriculum priorities of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures and Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia if there are children in your class which make this appropriate.


Students will use the following KEY INQUIRY QUESTIONS to discover:

·    How has family life changed or remained the same over time?

Peninsula Farm (Tranby) was the home of Joseph and Ann Hardey and their six children. Explore the house and discover similarities and differences in family life by comparing the present with the past.


·     How can we show that the present is different from or similar to the past?

Peninsula Farm (Tranby) provides opportunities to compare objects from the past with the present to identify similarities and differences (for example in cooking, washing, heating, lighting, hygiene, farming and toys).


·      How do we describe the sequence of time?

A tour through Peninsula Farm (Tranby) allows opportunities to develop vocabulary from the past, when making now / then comparisons, as well as using terms that indicate time such as ‘a long time ago’, ‘now and then’, ‘old and new’.


This program allows students to develop historical skills through key concepts appropriate to their age and ability.


Historical Skills:

Sequence historical people and events

Distinguish between the past, present and future

Pose questions about the past using sources provided

Explore a range of sources about the past

Identify and compare features of objects from the past and present

Explore a point of view


Key Concepts:

Continuity and change

On a tour through Peninsula Farm (Tranby) students identify what aspects of family life have changed and remained the same.


Cause and effect

Through the story of the Hardey family students consider how and why families have changed over time in terms of size, structure and roles.



Students learn about the roles and responsibilities of those who lived and worked at Peninsula Farm (Tranby) providing an insight into how people’s perspectives are determined by their circumstances.



Students see how the Hardey family lived and hear stories about what their life was like and make comparisons with their own life to develop an appreciation of the family’s experiences.



Students develop an understanding of what makes Peninsula Farm (Tranby) special and worth keeping for future generations.